For the reader who might be almost as geeky as I am, here’s a relatively complete, lightly annotated list of the sources I consulted while researching Landfalls. The most general sources are listed first, followed by listings by chapter or topic, then a list of miscellaneous sources. All are print sources unless a link is provided.
I’ve left out any online sources that I can no longer find.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- General Sources on the Lapérouse Expedition (English)
- General Sources on the Lapérouse Expedition (French)
- London, Paul de Monneron, and John Webber (Ch. 1)
- Tenerife & Robert de Lamanon (Ch. 2)
- Concepción, Chile (Ch. 3)
- Lituya Bay, Alaska (Chs. 4 & 5)
- Monterey, California (Ch. 7)
- Macao (Ch. 8)
- Russia & Barthélemy de Lesseps (Ch. 9)
- Botany Bay, Australia (Ch. 11)
- Vanikoro & Edward Edwards (Ch. 12)
- Villefranche-de-Rouergues, Albi, & Jacquette de Galaup Dalmas de Lapérouse (Ch. 13)
- Paris, Peter Dillon, Baron Hyde-Neuville, & Lesseps (Ch. 14)
General Sources on the Lapérouse Expedition (English)
- John Dunmore, Pacific Explorer: The Life of Jean-François de La Pérouse, 1741-1788. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1985. Excellent biography of Lapérouse.
- Jean-François de Galaup de la Pérouse, The Journal of Jean-François de Galaup de la Pérouse, 1785-1788. Translated & edited by John Dunmore. London: The Hakluyt Society, 1985. In two volumes. Dunmore’s generous introductory materials inspired a lot of the stories I relate in the book.
- Wikipedia. I consulted nearly every English-language article about the historical persons, places, objects, and even ideas named in the book. It would be impossible to list all of them.
- Roger L. Williams, French Botany in the Enlightenment: The Ill-Fated Voyages of La Pérouse and His Rescuers. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003.
General Sources on the Lapérouse Expedition (French)
- François Bellec, La généreuse et tragique expédition Lapérouse. Rennes: Ouest-France, 1985. Collection of essays about the expedition, some quite informative. The best visuals available in book form related to the expedition. French.
- Catherine Gaziello, L’Expedition de Lapérouse, 1785-1788, Réplique française aux voyages de Cook. Paris: Comité des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques, 1984. Exhaustively researched treatment of the expedition. After the journals, the single most important reference.
- Jean-François de Galaup de Lapérouse, prepared by the Musée Lapérouse Albi. Albi, France: L’Association Lapérouse Albi, 1988.
- Jean-François de Lapérouse, Voyage autour du monde sur l’Astrolabe et la Boussole (1785-1788). Edited, with an introduction, by Hélène Patris. Paris: La Découverte/Poche, 2005. Abridged French-language edition of journals.
- Wikipedia.fr. Ditto what I said above about the English-language Wikipedia, but in French.
London, John Webber & Joseph Banks (Ch. 1)
- Joseph Banks, Scientific Correspondence of Joseph Banks, 1765-1820. Neil Chambers. London: Pickering & Chatto Ltd, 2007.
- Harold B. Carter, Sir Joseph Banks 1743-1820. London: British Museum, 1988.
- The Dictionary of Art. Edited by Jane Turner. Vol. 33. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
- “The Dip Needle.” Kenyon College Department of Physics.
- Edward Edwards, Anecdotes of Painters, Who Have Resided or Been Born in England; with Critical Remarks on Their Productions. London: Luke Hanfard & Sons, 1808.
- John Gascoigne, Joseph Banks and the English Enlightenment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
- William Hauptman, “Webber before Cook: Two Water-Colours after Sterne,” The Burlington Magazine, 136, No. 1093 (April 1994), pp. 237-241.
- Louis Hawes, Presences of Nature: British Landscape 1780-1830. New Haven: Yale Center for British Art, 1982.
- “John Webber,” Auckland Art Gallery. Includes numerous images of Webber’s work, including “A Man of Mangea,” one of the paintings Monneron and Webber discuss in the chapter.
- Rudiger Joppien & Bernard Smith. The Art of Captain Cook’s Voyages, Vol. 3, The Voyage of the Resolution and the Discovery, 1776-1780. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1988.
- Sandra Johnson Jordan, The Life and Art of John Webber, R.A.; and His Relationship to the Watercolor and Picturesque Movements in Eighteenth Century England. PhD dissertation. University of Georgia, 1991. Most helpful source on the artist John Webber.
- Sophie von La Roche, Sophie in London: 1786, Being the Diary of Sophie V. la Roche. by Clare Williams. London: Jonathan Cape, 1933. I’m very grateful to Prof. Alessa Johns of UC Davis for telling me about this source, which gave a great outsider’s view of London one year after Monneron’s visit.
- Grevel Lindop, “The Visionary and the Pedestrian,” The Times Literary Supplement. 19 July 1996.
- Liza Picard, Johnson’s London. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.
- Bernard Smith, Imagining the Pacific: In the Wake of the Cook Voyages. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1992.
About stagecoaches between Dover & London:
- George Bosworth, Kent. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1909. Online.
- Henry Charles FitzRoy Somerset, Duke of Beaufort. Driving. London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1889. Online.
- George Athelstane Thrupp, The History of Coaches. London: Kerby & Endean, 1877. Online.
About clothing in 18th-century England and France:
- “18th Century Fabrics.” La Couterière Parisienne.
- Willett Cunningham & Phillis Cunnington, Handbook of English Costume in the Eighteenth Century. Boston: Plays, Inc., 1972.
- Madeleine Delpierre, Dress in France in the Eighteenth Century. Tr. Caroline Beamish. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1997.
- Aileen Ribeiro, Dress in Eighteenth-Century Europe 1715-1789. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2002.
Tenerife & Robert de Lamanon (Ch. 2)
- “Les grandes explorations maritimes du XVIIIe siècle.” Le Boudoir de Marie-Antoinette. Online discussion forum. French.
- Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, Article VI, “De l’inclination de l’Aimant,”Histoire naturelle des minéraux, Tome V. Online. French.
- David E. Cartwright, “Robert Paul de Lamanon, An Unlucky Naturalist,” Annals of Science, Vol. 54, No. 6 (1997), pp. 585-596.
- Lonely Planet Canary Islands, 4th edition, 2007.
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau, On the Social Contract. Tr. Judith R. Masters. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1978.
- Richard B. Stothers, “The Great Dry Fog of 1783,” Climatic Change, Vol. 32, No. 1 (January 1996), pp. 79-89. Doesn’t refer directly to the expedition or to Lamanon, but if you read the chapter, you’ll see the connection.
- Voltaire. Candide, Or Optimism. Tr. Robert M. Adams. New York: W. W. Norton, 1966.
- Lonzo Anderson, Bag of Smoke: The Story of Man’s First Reach for Space. New York: Knopf, 1968. This great book for young people had the best description and illustrations anywhere of what it took and what it looked like to launch an 18th-century hot air balloon.
- Timothy E. Anna, “Spain and the Breakdown of the Imperial Ethos: The Problem of Equality.” The Hispanic American Historical Review Vol 62 No 2 (May 1982), 254-272.
- Jacques A. Barbier, “Tradition and Reform in Bourbon Chile: Ambrosio O’Higgins and Public Finances.” The Americas. Vol. 34, No. 3 (January 1978), pp. 381-399.
- The Cambridge History of Latin America 2: Colonial Latin America, edited by Leslie Bethell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984.
- Fernando Campos Harriet, Historia de Concepción 1550-1970. Santiago, Chile: Universitaria, 1979. Spanish.
- Simon Collier & William F. Sater, A History of Chile, 1808-2002, Second Edition. Cambridge Latin American Studies. Cambridge Univ Press, 2004.
- Ricardo Donoso, El Marqués de Osorno Don Ambrosio Higgins 1720-1801. Santiago: Universidad de Chile, 1941.
- Amédée François Frézier, A Voyage to the South-Sea, and Along the Coasts of Chili and Peru, in the Years 1712, 1713, and 1714. Eighteenth Century Collections Online. Gale Group. Includes the old map of Concepción that Lapérouse and his people would have used when they sailed into Concepción Bay.
- Antonello Gerbi, The Dispute of the New World: The History of a Polemic, 1750-1900. By Jeremy Moyle. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1973.
- Charles Gibson, Spain in America. New York: Harper & Row, 1966.
- Mario Góngora, Studies in the Colonial History of Spanish America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.
- Mario Gongora, “Urban Social Stratification in Colonial Chile,” HAHR Vol. 55 No 3 (Aug 1975), 421-448.
- Clements R. Markham, C.B., “Colonial History of South America, and the Wars of Independence.” From Justin Winsor, Ed. Narrative & Critical History of America, v. 8. Houghton Mifflin, 1889.
- Magnus Mörner, Race Mixture in the History of Latin America. Boston: Little Brown & Co., 1967.
- Guillaume Thomas François Raynal (Abbé Raynal), A Philosophical and Political History of the Settlements and Trade of the Europeans in the East and West Indies. Tr. J. Justamond. London: T. Cadell, 1778. Online.
- Justin Winsor, Narrative and Critical History of America. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1889. Vol. 8, p. 322. Great illustration of Don Ambrosio O’Higgins.
Lituya Bay, Alaska (Chs. 4 & 5)
- George Thornton Emmons, “Native Account of the Meeting Between La Perouse and the Tlingit,” American Anthropologist, Vol. 13, No. 2 (April-June 1911), pp. 294-298. Fascinating account of oral history that appears to corroborate French account of events in Lituya Bay.
- George Thornton Emmons, The Tlingit Indians. Edited with additions by Frederica de Laguna. University of Washington Press, 1991.
- Rose Marie Beebe and Robert M. Senkewicz, Testimonios: Early California Through the Eyes of Women, 1815-1848. Berkeley: Heyday Books, 2006.
- Maynard Geiger, OFM, Franciscan Missionaries in Hispanic California 1769-1848: A Biographical Dictionary. San Marino, Huntington Library, 1969. For details about priests stationed at Carmel during the Lapérouse expedition’s visit.
- Malcolm Margolin, The Ohlone Way. Berkeley, CA: Heyday Books, 2003. Very helpful source about the Native Americans who lived in the Monterey Bay area.
- Jean-François de Galaup de la Pérouse, Life in a California Mission: Monterey in 1786. The Journals of Jean-François de Galaup de La Pérouse. Introduction & commentary by Malcolm Margolin. Berkeley, CA: Heyday Books, 1989. Margolin’s intro very helpful for putting expedition’s visit to Monterey into perspective.
- Christina Miu Bing Cheng, Macau: A Cultural Janus. Hong Kong University Press, 1999. Not a particularly accessible book.
- Austin Coates, City of Broken Promises. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1967. A novel set in Macao in the late 18th-century. This is where I got the idea for a female character who’s “attached” to a house rented by Europeans.
- Patrick Conner, George Chinnery: 1774-1852: Artist of India and the China Coast. Chinnery’s paintings and sketches from Macao inspired many of the visual details in the chapter.
- David M. Damkaer, The Copepodologist’s Cabinet: A Biographical and Bibliographical History. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 2002. Hands down my favorite surprise find of this project. I may post a short essay about this awesome book, a history-of-science geek’s dream.
- Cesar Guillen-Nuñez, Macau. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, 1984.
- Harriet Low Hillard, My Mother’s Journal: A Young Lady’s Diary of Five Years Spent in Manila, Macao, and the Cape of Good Hope from 1829-1834. Katherine Hillard, ed. Boston: G. H. Ellis, 1900. Helpful details about life in Macao. Online.
Russia & Barthélemy de Lesseps (Ch. 9)
- Barthélemy de Lesseps, Travels in Kamchatka During the Years 1787 and 1788. London: J. Johnson, 1790. Print & online. Translation of Lesseps’ account of his trip from Petropavlovsk to Paris.
- Ferdinand de Lesseps, “Jean-Baptiste-Barthélemy de Lesseps.” Transpol’air: l’aventure polaire. Online. French.
- Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, “In a Grove.” Online. Translated from Japanese. Yes, this chapter is a recasting of this famous Japanese short story.
- David Blair, Cyclopaedia of Australasia, or, Dictionary of Facts, Events, Dates, Persons & Places Connected with the Discovery, Exploration, and Progress of the British Dominions in the South. Melbourne: Ferguson & Moore, 1881.
- William Bradley, “Excerpt from the diary of Lt. Bradley.” Stories. University of Wollongong, 1999. Online.
- “EORA: Mapping Aboriginal Sydney 1770-1850.” Sydney: State Library of New South Wales, 2006. Online.
- “Incidents between aboriginal people in NSW and the British colonisers 1770-1792.” New South Wales Govt K-6 Educational Resources. Was online; no longer available.
- Mangrove Watch Australia. Online.
- “The Mangroves,” School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney. Was online; no longer available.
- “Receveur: Laperouse and the First Fleet.” Laperouse: Social Change, Not Climate Change. Online.
- Jean Royer, “Mysteres autour de la vie et de la mort du Pere Receveur, aumonier de L’Astrolabe.” Bicentenaire du voyage de Lapérouse, actes du Colloque d’Albi, Mars 1985. Association Lapérouse, Albi, France, pp. 119-126.
- John White, Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales. London: J. Debrett, 1790. Online.
- Austin Coates, Western Pacific Islands. London, Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1970. This must be the same Austin Coates who wrote City of Broken Promises, the book I read as part of my Macao research (see Ch. 8 above). Who knew?
- William H. Davenport, Santa Cruz Island Figure Sculpture & Its Social and Ritual Contexts. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology & Anthropology, 2005.
- Edward Edwards, Capt., “Pandora: Capt. Edwards’ Report from Batavia, Nov 25, 1791.” Fateful Voyage. Scroll down for report of Aug. 13, 1791 sighting of “Pitt’s Island” (Vanikoro).
- Raymond Firth, History and Tradition of Tikopia. Wellington, New Zealand: The Polynesian Society, 1961. Tikopia is where Dillon first found artifacts related to the wrecks of the Lapérouse ships.
- Raymond Firth, Tikopia Ritual and Belief. London: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd., 1967.
Villefranche-de-Rouergues & Jacquette de Galaup Dalmas de Lapérouse (Ch. 13)
- Raymond d’Azémar Lapérouse et sa famille en Rouergue et Albigeois: à Sauveterre et Villefranche-de-Rouergue, Rodez, Albi, Cordes, Réalmont, etc.: histoire, familles, généalogies, héraldique. Albi, France: Atelier graphique Saint Jean, 1992. A very detailed history of the family, mostly of interest to geneaologists, written by a descendant of the Lapérouse family.
- “Les Bulletins des Lois,” Series #5, No. 84, 2 March 1815, Decree #744. This is the regal decree that allowed Lapérouse’s sisters’ families to adopt his surname. I found the wording at gallica.bnf.fr, but now can’t figure out how to get to it.
- Etienne Cabrol, Annales de Villefranche de Rouergue, Imprimerie de Veuve Cestan, 1860.
- “Chapelle des Pénitents Bleus,” Structurae: International Database for Civil and Structural Engineering. Wilhelm Ernest & Sohn Verlag. Photo and basic info on chapel featured in this chapter.
- “Chapelle Saint-Jérôme des pénitents bleus, actuellement médiathèque municipale,” Le patrimoine de Midi-Pyrénées. Includes a photo of the chapel.
- “Inventaire général du patrimoine culturel,” Architecture & Patrimoine. Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication. More details about the chapel. Was online; no longer available.
About lay religious confraternities in France:
So I did a lot—like, really a lot—of research of lay religious confraternities in southern France. This eventually turned out to be a pretty small element of this story/chapter. If this is a subject that interests you, here’s a handy bibliography!
- Maurice Agulhon, “Les confréries de pénitents dans le Midi de la France, de la Restauration a nos jours.” 96e Congrès national des sociétés savantes. Toulouse, 1971, pp. 175-183.
- Andrew E. Barnes, The Social Dimension of Piety. New York: Paulist Press, 1994.
- Robert A. Schneider, Public Life in Toulouse 1463-1789: From Municipal Republic to Cosmopolitan City. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989.
- Lisa Silverman, Tortured Subjects: Pain, Truth, and the Body in Early Modern France. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.
- Timothy Tackett, Priest & Parish in Eighteenth-Century France: A Social and Political Study of the Curés in a Diocese of Dauphiné. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1977.
Peter Dillon & Discovery of the Shipwrecks; also de Lesseps & his life after the expedition; and Hôtel de la Marine, where their meeting took place (Ch. 14)
- J. W. Davidson, Peter Dillon of Vanikoro: Chevalier of the South Seas. Melbourne: Oxford University Press, 1975. The author’s a bit too enamored of his subject, but it’s a well-researched biography of Dillon.
- Peter Dillon, Narrative & Successful Result of a Voyage in the South Seas, Performed by Order of the Government of British India, to Ascertain the Actual Fate of La Pérouse’s Expedition. London: Hurst, Chance & Co., 1829. A bizarre account that veers wildly between hyperbolic, probably counter-factual accounts of his encounters with bloodthirsty cannibals and whiny, self-aggrandizing accounts of his conflicts with other white men. The most plausible-sounding sections relate his efforts to discover what happened to the Lapérouse expedition.
- Steven Erlanger & Maïa de la Baume, “Navy Building’s Next Tenant Has Paris Guessing,” The New York Times. 6, 2010. Great history and photos of the Hôtel de la Marine, where this chapter takes place.
- Ganananth Obeyesekere, Cannibal Talk: The Man-Eating Myth & Human Sacrifice in the South Seas. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2005. Somewhat controversial anthropological work that examines — and basically takes apart — Dillon’s account of his adventures in the South Seas.
- Lt. Colonel Burn, A Naval and Military Technical Dictionary of the French Language. London: John Murray, Albemarle Street, 1852. http://tinyurl.com/qcvrp62 This English-French/French-English dictionary really helped me figure out what was going on in some of the French language sources.
- Margaret Cohen, The Novel and the Sea. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010. A well-written, cogent, enjoyable work of literary criticism about nautical fiction.
- Susan Pinkard, A Revolution in Taste: The Rise of French Cuisine. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Helpful history of French food.
- R. Thrower, Life at Sea in the Age of Sail. London & Chichester: Phillimore, 1972.